Mangalore (Mangaluru) is the chief port city of Karnataka. It is located about 350 kilometers west of the state capital, Bangalore. Mangalore lies between the Arabian Sea and the Western Ghats mountain ranges and is the administrative headquarters of the Dakshina Kannada district.Mangalore derives its name from the local Hindu Goddess Mangaladevi.Lying on the backwaters of the Netravati and Gurupura rivers, city has a long history of maritime activities. The city has a tropical climate and lies in the path of the Arabian Sea branch of the South-West monsoons.
Mangalore was ruled by several major powers, including the Kadambas, Vijayanagar dynasty, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Hoysalas, and the Portuguese. The city was a source of contention between the British and the Mysore rulers, Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan. Eventually annexed by the British in 1799, Mangalore remained part of the Madras Presidency until India's independence in 1947. The city was unified with the state of Mysore (now called Karnataka) in 1956.
Mangalore is demographically diverse with several languages, including Tulu, Konkani, Kannada, and Beary commonly spoken,. The city's landscape is characterized